The concept of the environment is broad. Some agreements include a number of environmental protection measures, while others are very specific. The draft database of international environmental agreements divides the agreements into the following environmental categories: The aim of CITES is to regulate international trade in certain endangered plants and animals. There are nearly 36,000 plants and animals protected by CITES and the species are classified into three levels of protection according to the degree of regulation required. 31A simple example (based on our ongoing work) shows why trade could reduce the incentive to slow down. Suppose each country has the capacity to uncouple from one unit. Marginal costs in each country are constant, up to the capacity of a unit. Each country receives 1 unit (for example. B $100 billion) of benefits for a mitigation unit that takes place around the world; it is a global pollutant. The cost of each country is a random variable with support greater than 1 and an expected value of 2.
(The cost is in the same units as the services, so $2,200 billion.) To keep the example simple, let`s assume that costs are distributed independently. In addition, the main light reference agreements have also been grouped according to general environmental themes according to the structure of the situation plan. 32 Following the decision to participate in the agreement, a country knows its own costs, this information is not verifiable, so the group decision cannot be linked to individual cost achievements. Countries would be encouraged to exaggerate their costs in order to achieve a smaller reduction. Given that the benefits to a country of the reduction is 1 and the actual costs are always greater than 1, it is not in a country`s interest to re-examine itself. Between 1857 and 2012, 747 multilateral agreements on the environment were concluded.  After the Intergovernmental Conference in Stockholm in 1972, the creation of international environmental agreements multiplied.  The United Nations has made MMAs popular, most MMAs have been implemented since 1972 at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference).  The Stockholm Declaration was adopted by the 113 countries attending the conference and was the first major universal document in an environmental issue.  Because of these obstacles, environmental protocols become an obvious objective for several critical points, such as slow production. B of the desired effects (due to the ratification process of the Convention), the maintenance of the lowest common denominator and the lack of monitoring and application.